ISO 14040 is an international standard that provides guidelines for life cycle assessment (LCA) of products and services.
The standard describes the principles and requirements for carrying out a life cycle analysis and establishes the procedures for the environmental impact assessment.
Life Cycle Analysis is a methodology used to assess the environmental impact of a product or service throughout its life cycle, from production to disposal.
ISO 14040 establishes the following principles for life cycle analysis:
- Definition of the objective and scope of the analysis;
- Product or service life cycle analysis, identifying life cycle stages and related environmental information;
- Environmental impact assessment, identifying environmental impacts and assessing their severity;
- Interpretation of the results, evaluating the results of the analysis and identifying opportunities for improvement.
The use of ISO 14040 provides useful information to improve the sustainability of products and services and to promote the adoption of sustainable practices in industry.