The end of life of a product refers to the phase in which a product has reached the end of its useful life and is disposed of or recycled.
In Linear Cycle systems, this moment coincides with the disposal of the product itself, while in the Circular Economy, waste is not seen as waste, but as a new input that re-enters the economic-productive circle, creating a closed system, where the scrap is the secondary raw material.
To improve end-of-life product management, many countries have introduced laws and regulations that require companies to manage their products sustainably.
This includes extended producer responsibility (EPR), which requires manufacturers to take responsibility for the management of their end-of-life products, including the collection, recycling and appropriate disposal of products.
In addition, the circular economy encourages the adoption of business models based on the provision of services rather than the sale of products.
In this way, the company takes charge of product management at the end of life, promoting repair, reuse or recycling, and can create new job opportunities and innovation.